Note from Sean: This is a little different than some of our other posts, but it’s a question we get asked all the time: how do you find suppliers and factories to make your product ideas?
The easiest answer? Alibaba.
But if you don’t know what you’re doing it’s incredibly easy to get burned. While there is still no replacement for personally going abroad, Alibaba can be a great starting point.
This post was written by my buddy Rico over at Enter China to help you get started finding a high quality supplier for your new business idea.
Take it away, Rico!
Finding good suppliers on Alibaba can be a real headache.
If you don’t know what you’re doing you can end up wading through a sea of different companies and never figure out who to trust. In addition, it can be hard to tell whether the people you’re contacting are actual factories or just agents looking to get a cut.
With the right strategy for finding suppliers on Alibaba, you can have success.
After several years of being on the ground in China and working with countless suppliers, I’ve learned a lot. And at Enter China, we have an awesome community of entrepreneurs who are always sharing great information and helping each other out.
Today, I’m going to show you my approach to finding suppliers on Alibaba.
By following the five steps below, you’ll be able to sift through all the noise and find the best suppliers for your business. Once you’ve completed these steps, you should end up with a list of 3-5 good suppliers to work with.
If you’re just starting out in your journey to create a product, watch this video:
And then also read our guide on How to Manufacture a Product in China.
Step One: Pre-Qualification
The first thing you need to do is to put some effort into getting game-ready because not being prepared can break your business.
In the pre-qualification stage, there are three things you need to familiarize yourself with:
- The Specifics of Your Product
- The Characteristics of Your Ideal Factory
- The Location Where Your Ideal Factory is Likely to be Found
Know Your Product Specifics
You’ll need to consider the basic design, basic specs, materials needed, order quantity and maximum spend.
Understand Your Ideal Factory’s Characteristics
Do you want a factory that can simply manufacture a design that already exists and maybe make a few tweaks to it? If so, you’ll want to work with an Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM).
You might be an inventor, have an original concept on an existing product or you might want help designing a product from scratch. If so, you’ll want an Original Design Manufacturer (ODM) factory.
Figure Out Where Your Ideal Factory Might be Located
There are different regions in China that specialize in particular product categories. In general, most suppliers will be located in Guangdong province. And different cities in the province specialize in different things.
It’s best to find a factory that’s located near other factories with the same specialty.
Step Two: The Initial Search
Now that you have done your pre-qualification, it’s time to start searching. You’ll want to look at different factories and get a feel for which ones you might be interested in working with.
Know These Best Practices Before You Begin Your Factory Search
Let’s say you’re looking for leather belts.
The first thing you want to do is make sure the keywords you use are fairly specific. If you’re too vague you’ll get a lot of different results. So, narrow down your search by being as specific as possible.
Instead of using a broad term like ‘leather belts,’ make it more specific. Try searching for ‘genuine leather belts,’ instead.
Next, when you’re doing a search, narrow down the location of the factories you’re looking at. You can try searching only in Guangdong Province (China) because factories there tend to be the most professional.
Guangdong Province has been involved in international trade the longest, and companies there are learning to adapt to global standards. You’ll find that most types of consumer goods sold internationally are available there.
Also, there are three search options that often confuse people. So, let’s explain what each of them means:
- Alibaba Trade Assurance – If you have a dispute with your supplier, you can submit a claim to Alibaba. They’ll review it, and If they agree that the factory has not made good on their promises, they may give you your money back. Just keep in mind that from the very beginning your sales agreement must list the points that could cause a dispute, like QC, lead times, etc.
- Gold Supplier – The factory is paying Alibaba to appear more favorably in the search results. It’s a good thing. The factory is pushing their business forward, so take it as a good sign.
- Assessed Supplier – Alibaba has had a third-party company visit the factory to check out their facilities.
Which of these three options should you select?
If you are outside of China and don’t have the means to fly there or work with someone on the ground, you should definitely check all three of these boxes. The downside is that it will narrow down your search results significantly.
But, if you can either come to China or work with a sourcing agent, it’s okay to only check gold supplier or trade assurance. Then, you or the person you’re working with can actually check out the factory in person.
One quick note regarding trade assurance: If you decide to use it, you may get pushback from some factories because of the fees involved. If you do get pushback, you might want to offer to pay those fees.
Once You’ve Hit Search, it’s Time to Sift Through and Sort Suppliers Effectively
It’s time to start digging for the gems.
Do a quick scroll-down through the suppliers from your search and open up 5-10 tabs of supplier pages. Take a glance at some key things on each page:
- Time listed on Alibaba
- Time listed as a gold supplier
If they are 5 or 10 years old, it means they have a little bit more experience. Keep in mind, though, that just because a factory has only been a gold supplier for a short time doesn’t mean they haven’t been operating for longer.
I’ve found factories that were listed as gold suppliers for 1 year but had been in operation for 12 years. They chose not to be listed on Alibaba and grew their business solely by word-of-mouth.
Ask Yourself These 6 Questions to Weed Out Unprofessional Factories from Your Search
- How structured is their page?
- Do they have multiple, professional-looking pictures of their products?
- Do they have descriptions of their products?
- Do they have a description of their factory and their location?
- Do they describe their QC process?
- Do they have keywords that make sense? Or, have they just stuffed a bunch of irrelevant keywords into their page?
If their page only has one, low-quality iPhone picture… Close the tab.
If they’re missing key information… Forget about them.
Asking yourself the questions above will let you know whether or not to waste your time with the supplier. If they are not putting enough effort into crafting a professional image, close the tab immediately.
Here is a screenshot of a product page that has complete information about their product. Notice how detailed it is:
Here is a high-quality, professional-looking photo of the item they’re selling:
You can see they have links to lots of other similar products. They are crafting a highly-professional image:
After you’ve asked yourself the 6 questions above and a supplier’s page looks good, click over to the ‘Company Information’ section. From there, click on their website URL.
As you look at their websites, you can start to weed out any fake factories.
Spot the Fake Factories from Your Search, So That You Don’t Waste Your Time
Once you are on a supplier’s website, you’ll see the other products that they make. If a company is making leather belts, then the other products on their website should also be made out of leather.
For example, maybe they’re making leather bags and leather shoes. That means they are specializing in leather, and that’s a good thing.
But if they’re making leather belts and then their other products are plastic water bottles, pens, LED candles, books and microphones then that’s probably just a trading company. You can forget about them.
Further Assessing the Websites of Potential Suppliers
Once you’ve gotten rid of the fake factories, you’ll want to further assess the websites you’re looking at. Go to each factory’s homepage and take a look at it.
You want to look for two things:
Firstly, an experienced and professional factory will have a lot of basic information on their front page and display products similar to yours. Novice or poor-quality factories will rarely have a lot of information.
Secondly, they will have many variations of your product type. There will be different styles, colors, etc. to take a look at.
If everything looks good, you can consider them for your factory list.
Step Three: Building an Initial Factory List
Now that you’ve looked some at different factories on Alibaba, it’s time to get serious. In my sourcing company we use a system where we compile a list of 30-50 suppliers, based on initial findings.
If they’ve passed all the tests in step two, you can add them to your list.
The Essential Information You Need About Each Supplier
You’ll want to collect the following information about each supplier on the list. Then you can have it handy later when you start reaching out to them.
The Information You Need for Each Potential Supplier
Collect the following:
- Whether they are a factory or a trading company
- Number of employees
- Contact information (Telephone and email)
- Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ), price, and lead time
- Web address
After you’ve compiled this information, you can move on to contacting them.
Step Four: Initiating Contact
Now you’ve got your list of 30-50 suppliers and it’s time to start reaching out. You can contact the factories on your list via instant messaging apps like WeChat or Alibaba Trade Manager. But most of the time, it’s going to be via email.
A good email is clear, well-organized and gives the person on the other end clear questions to respond to. Let’s take a look at some examples. The first is a horrible, real-life example. The second version is vastly improved.
Here is a Real-Life Example of a Horrible Email
Here is What a Good Email Looks Like
This is What the Factory’s Response Should Look Like
When a factory responds to your email they should respond relatively quickly and come across as professional. In their response, they should:
- Answer all of your questions.
- Not just agree with everything you say
- Explain any challenges and provide solutions
- Communicate clearly
- Show that they can meet your basic requirements
Here is an Example of a Good Response:
How to Quickly Eliminate Options Based on Initial Responses
Once a factory has shown that they can communicate professionally, you need to make sure they meet your basic requirements.
Determine whether they have an MOQ that works for you. You also want to make sure they have any certifications and standards you need to meet. For example, if you’re selling lunch boxes in the US, they might need to be BPA free and meet certain FDA requirements.
Once you have determined which suppliers can meet your basic requirements, you will have already weeded out a lot of the companies on your list.
Step Five: Assessing Your Options
Now that you’ve weeded out suppliers based on their responses, it’s time to assess and cut more of them. This is where you’re going to narrow the list down to the final 3-5 factories.
In step one, you decided whether you were taking an OEM approach or an ODM approach. Let’s look at the questions you need to ask for each one.
Assessing for the OEM Approach
For an OEM factory you want to know the following:
- Can they tweak the product?
- How much can they customize and what’s the cost?
- Can they do an exclusivity agreement?
- Where are they selling?
Once you have these questions answered you can order samples and plan for a factory visit or a review of the factory’s documentation and licenses.
Assessing for the ODM Approach
With ODM factories you want to know:
- What is the cost and lead time for making new molds?
- Have they made many products similar to yours?
- Are they willing to go through the sampling process with you?
- What are the costs around that?
After you’ve determined the answer to these questions you can plan for a factory visit or a review of the factory’s documentation and licenses.
Finally, Don’t Make These China Manufacturing Mistakes
What to Do Next?
We have a couple other resources that will be really valuable as you’re looking at next steps.
1) How to Build a Physical Product Business from Anywhere – If you don’t live in China, and want a detailed breakdown of the manufacturing process this post from Fred of Tortuga Backpacks is gold.
2) How to Create a Product (and Make $100,000 in a Week) – This case study from Ryan of Original Grain documents the process of making the product, as well as launching it on Kickstarter.
3) How to Build an Amazon FBA Business – This detailed walkthrough shows you exactly how to sell the products you make via the Amazon FBA (Fulfilled by Amazon) model.
Not sure if a physical product is for you, but know you want to start something online? Then this is exactly what you need.